Chapter 5

Perfect tense

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Present perfect

chăn lâang ród rîiap-ráwy láeo

I have washed the car.

Peter tham sèd láeo

Peter has done it.

rao tham-khwaam-sà-àad bâan sèd láeo

We have cleaned the house.

chăn mâi dtâwng-gaan à-rai, chăn gin rîiap-ráwy láeo

I don’t want anything, I’ve eaten already.

Past perfect

Peter rúu maa rá-yá nèung láeo

Peter has known for a while.

săwng aa-thíd thêe-láeo, phan-yaa khăwng Peter bàwk khăo wâa ther tháwng. Peter bàwk wâa khăo rúu maa rá-yá nèung láeo

Two weeks ago, Peter’s wife told him she was pregnant. Peter said that he had known for a while.

Future perfect

chăn jà dâi àan năng-sĕuu lâem née gàwn nawn

I will have read this book by bedtime.

phûuak-khăo jà dtàaeng-ngaan gàwn bpee mài

They will have got married before the New Year.

khun jà dtàaeng-dtuua mâi than aa-hăan-khâm

You won’t be dressed in time for dinner.