Chapter 3

Simple tense

Present simple (positive, negative & question)

khun bpai

You go.

rao mâi gin

We don’t eat.

khăo wâai-nám

He swims.

ther mâi deùum

She doesn’t drink.

khăo deùum gaa-faae măi?

Does he drink coffee?

khun châwp măi?

Do you like?

Future simple (positive, negative and question)

khun jà bpai

You will go.

rao jà mâi gin

We won’t eat.

khăo jà wâai-nám

He will swim.

ther jà mâi deùum

She won’t drink.

khun jà raw chăn măi?

Will you wait for me?

ther jà phráwm măi?

Will she be ready?

Past simple (positive) 1

phûuak-khăo bpai láaeo

They went.

rao gin láaeo

We ate.

khăo wâai-nám láaeo

He swam.

ther deùum láaeo

She drank.

ther deùum láaeo

She drank.

Past simple (positive) 2

chăn dâi gin láaeo

I ate.

khăo dâi dern láaeo

He walked.

ther dâi hĕn láaeo

She saw.

chăn dâi phûud gàp khăo láaeo

I spoke with him.

Past simple (positive) 2

chăn mâi-dâi gin

I didn’t eat.

khăo mâi-dâi dern

He didn’t walk.

ther mâi-dâi mawng

She didn’t look.

chăn mâi-dâi phûud gàp khăo

I didn’t speak with him.

Past simple (questions)

ther gin láaeo rĕuu?

Did she eat?

khăo dern láaeo rĕuu?

Did he walk?

khăo bpai láaeo rĕuu?

Did he leave?

ther raw khun rĕuu?

Did she wait for you?

Future simple (precise)

khun jà bpai dtawn-née

You will go now.

rao jà mâi gin dtawn 5 moong-yen

We won’t eat at 5 o’clock.

rao jà jer khăo wan-née

We will meet him today.

khăo jà mâi raw thěung aa-thíd nâa

He won’t wait until next week.

ther jà yùu thêe-nêe phrûng-née măi?

Will she be here tomorrow?

Past simple (precise)

khăo bpai dtawn cháo née

He went this morning.

ther mâi dâi àan mêuua-waan née

She didn’t read it yesterday.

rao jer khăo aa-thíd thêe láaeo

We met him last week.

phûuak-khăo mâi-dâi séuu deuuan thêe láaeo

They didn’t buy it last month.

ther yùu thêe-nêe mêuua-waan măi?

Was she here yesterday?

Going to …

chăn gam-lang jà tham-khwaam-sà-àad hâwng

I’m going to clean my room.

ther hĭw, ther gam-lang jà tham aa-hăan-yen

She’s hungry, she’s going to cook dinner.

khăo gam-lang jà bpai ráp dèk jàak roong-riian

He’s going to collect the children from school.

rao glâi jà thěung láaeo rao gam-lang jà maa thěung

We’re nearly there. We’re about to arrive.

Another use of láaeo แล้ว

phŏm jà bpai láaeo

I’m leaving now.

rao jà gin khâow láaeo

We’re going to eat.