Chapter 11

Prepositions

dtawn

at

waeh-laa

at

nai

in

gàwn

before/by/ago

lăng-jàak

after

(nai) rá-wàang

during/whilst

phaai-nai

within

jon-thěung

until

jon-gwàa

until

jon-grà-thâng

until

jàak … thěung

from … to

At

jer gan 10 moong-cháo

Meet me at 10am.

jer gan dtawn 10 moong-cháo

Meet me at 10am.

jer gan waeh-laa 10 moong-cháo

Meet me at 10am.

In

khon maa-thîaao phuu-gèd nai nâa-ráwn

People travel to Phuket in the summer.

nai-à-dèed rao mâi-mee in-ter-ned

In the past, we didn’t have internet.

phûu-yĭng sŭuay thêe-sùd nai wan dtàaeng-ngaan

Women are most beautiful on their wedding day.

rao mâi deùum biia nai waeh-laa tham-ngaan

We don’t drink beer in work time.

before/by/ago

khăo maa-thěung gàwn chăn

He arrived before me.

glàp bâan gàwn hâa thûm

Come home by 11pm.

săwng bpee gàwn khăo yùu grung-thâep

Two years ago he lived in Bangkok.

after

phŏm àap-nám lăng-jàak lâen gee-laa

I shower after playing sport.

rao gin khăwng-waan lăng aa-hăan

We eat dessert after dinner.

lăng-jàak-née rao jà-mâi maa thêe-nêe èek

After this we will not come here again.

during/whilst

phŏm àan năng-sĕuu rá-wàang raw ród-fai maa

I read a book while waiting for the train.

nai-rá-wàang née rao jà-mâi phûud gàp khăo

During this time we won’t speak with him.

rao fang wíd-thá-yú rá-wàang tham-ngaan

We listen to the radio while we work.

chaow-bprà-mong mâi àwk thá-lay nai rá-wàang mee phaa-yú khâo

Fisherman don’t put to sea during a storm.

rá-wàang-nán chăn riian phaa-săa ang-grìd yùu

During that time I was studying English.

within

ngaan née dtâwng sèd phaai-nai săwng wan née

This job must be finished within the next two days.

khăo dtâwng jàai ngern kheuun phaai-nai bpee-née

He must repay the money within the year.

Jane tham-aa-hăan sèd phaai-nai nèung chûua moong

Jane cooked the dinner within an hour.

until

rao dtâwng tham-ngaan jon-thěung man sèd

We must work until it’s done.

khăo dtâng-jai deùum biia jon-gwàa khăo jà mao

He intends to drink beer until he’s drunk.

chăn jà yeuun raw thêe bprà-dtuu jon-thěung waeh-laa daa-raa àwk

I will stand and wait at the door until the star (celebrity) comes out.

from … to

chăn tham-ngaan jàak 9 moong-cháo thěung 5 moong-yen

I work from 9 am to 5 pm.

jàak wan-jan thěung wan-suk khăo yûung mâak

From Monday to Friday he is very busy.

khăo yùu London jàak bpee 2560 thěung 2563

He lived in London from 2017 to 2020.