Thai Tenses & talking about time
Ever, never & not yet
Using adverbs (points in time)
Using adverbs (relationships)
Using adverbs (frequency)
Time comes and goes
Time comes and goes
Peter yùu thêe bâan
Peter is at home.
From the past
khun tham à-rai maa?
What have you been doing (before now)?
phûuak-khăo séuu à-rai maa?
What have they bought?
chăn mâi-khaey gin nêe maa-gàwn
I have never tried eating this before.
chăn bpai phuu-gèd maa
I have been to Phuket.
Peter bpai London maa
Peter has been to London.
khăo khíd maa-gàwn jà phûud gàp khun
He thought about it before speaking with you.
A duration of time in the past
phŏm riian phaa-săa thai maa 3 bpee láaeo
I have studied Thai for 3 years.
ther tham-ngaan thêe-nêe maa 6 deuuan láaeo
She has worked here for 6 months.
chăn yùu thêe phuu-gèd maa naan láaeo
I have lived in Phuket a long time already.
khăo bpen chef maa 15 bpee láaeo
He has been a chef for 15 years now.
aa-hăan khăwng-rao yùu thêe-năi? rao raw maa sák-phák láaeo
Where is our food? We’ve been waiting a while now.
phŏm deùum gaa-faae dam maa dtà-làwd dtàe dtawn-née phŏm deùum mâi-dâi láaeo
I always drank black coffee, but I can’t anymore.
ther sài ber S maa naan dtàe dtawn-née ther sài ber M
She wore size S for a long time, but now she is a size M.
Into the future
khun tham bpai-gàwn, mâi dtâwng raw phŏm
You go ahead and do it. There’s no need to wait for me.
chăn mâi hĭw, khun gin bpai-gàwn
I’m not hungry. You go ahead and eat.
khun raw bpai-gàwn, dĭaao phŏm maa
Just wait, I’ll be there soon.
khun khíd bpai-gàwn jà phûud gàp khăo
Think before you speak to him.
A duration of time in the future
rao jà rák gan dtà-làwd bpai
We will love one another forever.
phŏm dtâwng tham-ngaan gèp ngern bpai èek naan gwàa-jà séuu bâan dâi
I will have to work and save for a lot longer before I can buy a house.
khăo jà dtâwng khàp ród bpai èek 3 chûua-moong gwàa-jà thěung grung-thâep
He will have to drive another 3 hours before reaching Bangkok.
chăn jà tham-ngaan bpai reûuai-reûuai jon-gwàa jà sèd
I will keep working until it’s finished.
Go into the past
phŏm tham-ngaan bpai 4 chûua-moong mêuua-cháo-née
I worked for 4 hours this morning.
khăo sĭia-waeh-laa bpai-naan dtàae man mâi-dâi phŏn
He wasted a lot of time, but it didn’t work.
ther lŏng-thaang bpai-naan gwàa-jà maa-thěung
She got lost for a while before she arrived.
rao sĭia waeh-laa bpai tháng-wan gàp gaan shopping
We wasted the whole day shopping.