Peter yùu thêe bâan
Peter is at home.
From the past
khun tham à-rai maa?
What have you been doing (before now)?
phûuak-khăo séuu à-rai maa?
What have they bought?
chăn mâi-khaey gin nêe maa-gàwn
I have never tried eating this before.
chăn bpai phuu-gèd maa
I have been to Phuket.
Peter bpai London maa
Peter has been to London.
khăo khíd maa-gàwn jà phûud gàp khun
He thought about it before speaking with you.
A duration of time in the past
phŏm riian phaa-săa thai maa 3 bpee láaeo
I have studied Thai for 3 years.
ther tham-ngaan thêe-nêe maa 6 deuuan láaeo
She has worked here for 6 months.
chăn yùu thêe phuu-gèd maa naan láaeo
I have lived in Phuket a long time already.
khăo bpen chef maa 15 bpee láaeo
He has been a chef for 15 years now.
aa-hăan khăwng-rao yùu thêe-năi? rao raw maa sák-phák láaeo
Where is our food? We’ve been waiting a while now.
phŏm deùum gaa-faae dam maa dtà-làwd dtàe dtawn-née phŏm deùum mâi-dâi láaeo
I always drank black coffee, but I can’t anymore.
ther sài ber S maa naan dtàe dtawn-née ther sài ber M
She wore size S for a long time, but now she is a size M.
Into the future
khun tham bpai-gàwn, mâi dtâwng raw phŏm
You go ahead and do it. There’s no need to wait for me.
chăn mâi hĭw, khun gin bpai-gàwn
I’m not hungry. You go ahead and eat.
khun raw bpai-gàwn, dĭaao phŏm maa
Just wait, I’ll be there soon.
khun khíd bpai-gàwn jà phûud gàp khăo
Think before you speak to him.
A duration of time in the future
rao jà rák gan dtà-làwd bpai
We will love one another forever.
phŏm dtâwng tham-ngaan gèp ngern bpai èek naan gwàa-jà séuu bâan dâi
I will have to work and save for a lot longer before I can buy a house.
khăo jà dtâwng khàp ród bpai èek 3 chûua-moong gwàa-jà thěung grung-thâep
He will have to drive another 3 hours before reaching Bangkok.
chăn jà tham-ngaan bpai reûuai-reûuai jon-gwàa jà sèd
I will keep working until it’s finished.
Go into the past
phŏm tham-ngaan bpai 4 chûua-moong mêuua-cháo-née
I worked for 4 hours this morning.
khăo sĭia-waeh-laa bpai-naan dtàae man mâi-dâi phŏn
He wasted a lot of time, but it didn’t work.
ther lŏng-thaang bpai-naan gwàa-jà maa-thěung
She got lost for a while before she arrived.
rao sĭia waeh-laa bpai tháng-wan gàp gaan shopping
We wasted the whole day shopping.