Chapter 22

prepositions of time

dtâng-dtàae

since

(jon) thěung

until

jàak … thěung …

from … to …

gàwn

before

mêuua

when/during

dtawn

when/during

lăng jàak

after

since

khăo mâi-dâi maa tham-ngaan dtâng-dtàae wan-sùk

He hasn’t come to work since Friday.

ther mâi sà-baai dtâng-dtàae săwng chûua-moong thêe-láaeo

She has been unwell since two hours ago.

Peter àwk bpai wîng dtâng-dtàae bpàaed-moong-cháo

Peter has been out running since 8 a.m.

khun rúu dtâng-dtàae mêuua-rài?

You’ve known since when?

chăn mâi-dâi phûud gàp ther dtâng-dtàae bpee-thêe-láaeo

I haven’t spoken to her since last year.

until

khun jà dtâwng raw thěung wan-jan

You must wait until Monday.

chăn jà yùu thêe phuu-gèd jon-thěung wan-săo

I will stay in Phuket until Saturday.

rao jà raw jon-thěung ther maa

We’ll wait until she arrives.

from … to …

khăo yûng jàak deuuan thêe-láaeo jon-thěung mêuua-waan

He was busy from last month until yesterday.

ráan bpèrd jàak gâo moong-cháo thěung hâa-moong yen

The shop is open from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.

Peter riian phaa-săa thai dtâng-dtàae bàai-moong thěung bàai-săam-moong

Peter studies Thai from 1 p.m. until 3 p.m.

before

phŏm jà bpai gàwn khun

I will go before you.

khăo bpai grung-thâep gàwn maa thêe-nêe

He went to Bangkok before coming here.

khun khuuan bàwk khăo gàwn ther

You should tell him before she does.

when

chăn yùu thêe-nêe mêuua khăo maa

I was here when he came.

phŏm dern dtawn khăo wâai-nám

I walked when he was swimming.

Jane mâi-dâi yùu thêe bâan mêuua rao bpai-thěung

Jane wasn’t at home when we arrived.

after

khun maa thêe-nêe lăng-jàak chăn

You came here after me.

phŏm jà bpai lăng-jàak gin aa-hăan glaang-wan

I will go after lunch.

Jane châwp duu thee-wee lăng aa-hăan-yen

Jane likes to watch TV after dinner.

while/whilst/during

chăn jà yùu thêe phuu-gèd rá-wàang bpee mài

I will be in Phuket during the new year.

khăo làp bpai rá-wàang khàp ród

He fell asleep while he was driving.

rao yùu bâan rá-wàang fŏn dtòk

We stayed at home whilst it was raining.